Gerson Digital : Germany I


7.5 Still-life in Vienna

When we disregard the Germans Carl Ruthart (1630-in or after 1703) [1] and Franz Werner von Tamm (1658-1723) [2], who associate themselves more with Jan Fijt and Frans Snijders than the Dutch,1 we can point only to Dirk Valkenburg (1675-1721) [3-5] and Willem Frederiksz. van Royen (c. 1645-1723) [6], who both painted hunting still-lifes for the princes of Liechtenstein.2

Carl Ruthart
Deer hunt, c. 1660
canvas, oil paint 64 x 47 cm
lower right : CRH
Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum, inv./ GG 451

Franz Werner von Tamm
Dead wild game guarded by a hunting dog, dated 1706
canvas, oil paint 137 x 187 cm
location unknown : fr.v.tam.fe A° 1706
Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum, inv./ 1165

Dirk Valkenburg
Hunting still-life with a dead swan and a dog chasing a fox, 1698-1699
canvas, oil paint 136 x 181 cm
upper right : D. Valckenburg - Fecit
Vaduz-Vienna, Liechtenstein - The Princely Collections

Dirk Valkenburg
Hunting still-life with a dead heron and a dog barking at a bird, 1698-1699
canvas, oil paint 136 x 181 cm
upper right : D. Valckenburg - Fecit
Vaduz-Vienna, Liechtenstein - The Princely Collections

Dirk Valkenburg
Still life of dead game with birds, dated 1698
canvas, oil paint 134 x 179 cm
lower center : D.Valckenburg. Fecit / Ae 1698
Private collection

Willem Frederiksz. van Royen
Young hunter with dog and game, c. 1706
canvas, oil paint 122,5 x 97,8 cm
on the pendant : ROYE ƒ
American Art Association 1939-04-12, nr. 13

The Dutch flower picture also found its aficionados in Vienna. Maria van Oosterwijck (1630-1693) sold her paintings just as well here [7] as in Prussia and Saxony and the emperor and his spouse rewarded her in style.3 Coenraet Roepel (1678-1748) painted for prince Eugen7e of Savoy, who by the way also employed the Dutch battle scene painter Jan van Huchtenburgh, of whom we will come to speak in the context of his art collection.4 Franz Rösel von Rosenhof, who we already met in Nuremberg, worked for prince Karl Eusebius von Liechtenstein; he delivered the usual half Dutch, half Flemish animal paintings.

Maria van Oosterwijck
Vanitas Still-life with a skull, books, flowers in a vase and a celestial globe, dated 1668
canvas, oil paint 73 x 88,5 cm
lower right : Maria van Oosterwyck. 1668
Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum, inv./ GG 5714


1 [Van Leeuwen 2018] Indeed they both had been in contact with Flemish painters: Ruthart was even a member of the Antwerp guild in 1663-1664 and Von Tamm was close to Flemish artists in Rome. A copy after the painting by Von Tamm of 1706 was formerly attributed to Jan Fijt (RKDimages 18484).

2 [Gerson 1942/1983] Frimmel 1907, p. 23-24. [Van Leeuwen 2018] Valkenburg painted a series of four paintings for Johann Adam Andreas 3rd Prince of Liechtenstein. The four paintings by Valkenburg were listed in the ‘fürstlich Liechtensteinischen Bilder-Galerie im Gaetenpalais der Rossau’ at least until 1885 (Vienna 1885, nos. 763, 765, 782, 784); two works from the series are still in the collection (RKDimages 28607 and 287610). A third painting was auctioned in 2008 (RKDimages 214570). Payments to Valkenburg by the court of Johann Adam have been made for this series (4 x fl. 250) and for two more paintings (Haupt 2012, no.1447 and 1540), for which Valkenburg received resp. fl. 100 and 200.). Moreover, Valkenburg painted a group of five paintings for Ferdinand Bonaventura - Graf von Harrach. Four were sold from the ‘Harrach'sche Familiensammlung’ at some point after 1926, one was sold in 1990 (RKDimages 3339, with literature). This means there are 11 paintings documented that Valkenburg must have painted and sold in Vienna.

3 [Gerson 1942/1983] Houbraken 1718-1721, p. 215; Bredius 1935, p. 181. [Van Leeuwen 2018] ‘The art-supporting King Louis XIV placed one of her Art scenes in his Art cabinet. The Emperor Leopold and his spouse [placed] one as well, which they appreciated so highly that they sent her their portraits surrounded with Diamonds as a present.’ (Houbraken 1718-1721, p. 215; translation derived from Horn 2000, p. 599). The information is repeated in Weyerman 1729-1769, vol. 2, p. 263.

4 [Gerson 1942/1983] Weyerman 1729-1769, p. 122; Uffenbach 1753-1754, vol. 3, p. 368-369.

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