Gerson Digital : Germany I


6.3 Landscape

Generally speaking, Roman elements prevailed in landscape painting in Southern Germany at the time. The unpretentious, naive sort of realism in drawings from, for instance, Hans Friedrich Schrorer (c. 1585-after 1654) might stem from Adam Elsheimer. His sheets also are reminiscent of Dutch artists such as Roelant Savery [1].1 The same goes for Jonas Umbach (c. 1624-1693); maybe the Nordic elements in his fresh drawings are even stronger [2]. Like Esaias van de Velde, he used the quite rarely employed oil chalk [3-4].2

Hans Friedrich Schrorer
Forest landscape with brook, 1634 (?)
paper, pen in brown ink, pen in grey ink, washed, inkt 27,1 x 36 cm
Vienna, Graphische Sammlung Albertina, inv./ 13411

Jonas Umbach
Landscape with a farm in the foreground right
paper, black chalk 247 x 422 mm
Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, inv./ 18538

Jonas Umbach
Wooded rocky landscape with traveler and pack donkey
paper, oil chalk 194 x 262 mm
Stuttgart, Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, inv./ 294

Jonas Umbach
Mountain landscape with wooden bridge and travelers walking along a ravine
paper, oil chalk 199 x 267 mm
Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, inv./ 15427

At the end of the century Christoph Ludwig Agricola (1665-1724)3 painted some Rhine landscapes in imitation of Herman Saftleven and Jan Griffier [5]. There are even paintings by his hand that strive for a Jacob van Ruisdael atmosphere or explore a Rembrandt motif [6-7].4 Although he did visit the Netherlands, his models primarily were Claude Lorrain and Nicolas Poussin.

Christoph Ludwig Agricola
Extensive mountainous landcsape with Muslim pelgrims praying, c. 1710 (?)
canvas, oil paint 89 x 122,5 cm
Dresden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, inv./ 2056

Christoph Ludwig Agricola
Evening landscape with Turks praying, before 1710
canvas, oil paint 47 x 68 cm
lower left : 16. 1 K (Salzdahlem)
Braunschweig, Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, inv./ 592

Christoph Ludwig Agricola
The Flight into Egypt
canvas, oil paint 75 x 57,5 cm
Fredensborg, Fredensborg Slot, inv./ KMSst232

The same goes for the small landscapes of Joachim Franz Beich (1665-1748). He partly followed the examples of Saftleven and Griffier and painted in the manner of Nicolaes Berchem and Jan Both [8-9]. On the other hand, he was more ‘classical’ orientated and stuck to the models of Jean François Millet and Gaspard Dughet [10].5

Joachim Franz Beich
Southern landscape with travelers, c. 1745-1748
canvas, oil paint 67,5 x 89 cm
Berlin, Galerie Bassenge

Joachim Franz Beich
Mountainous landscape with the Rest on the Flight to Egypt, dated 1736
canvas, oil paint 86,5 x 129 cm
location unknown : JF Beich / 1736
Christie's (Vienna) 1996-10-29 - 1996-10-30, nr. 82

Joachim Franz Beich
Extensive landscape with Saint Joseph and Mary on their way to Bethlehem
canvas, oil paint 63 x 75,5 cm
location unknown : Beich
Dorotheum (Vienna) 1974-12-03 - 1974-12-06, nr. 8


1 [Gerson 1942/1983] Albertina no. 411, dated 1634.

2 [Van Leeuwen 2017] Bushart et al. 1968, nos. 385-399.

3 [Van Leeuwen 2017] On Agricola: Klessmann 2001, Klessmann 2004-2005.

4 [Gerson 1942/1983] Paintings in Braunschweig, image Biermann 1914, no. 60 in the manner of Ruisdael; The flight into Egypt in the style of a Rembrandt etching in Fredensborg Castle.

5 [Van Leeuwen 2017] On Beich: Meighöhner/Tutsch/Blübaum et al. 1998.

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